Hyperprolactinaemia

Introduction Prolactin is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland, most commonly associated with lactation (milk production) in the female. It is also produced in adipose (fat) tissue and hair follicles. Hypoerprolactinaemia exists...

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Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)

Introduction Thyrotoxicosis is the state produced by excessive thyroid hormone. It is not strictly the same thing as hyperthyroidism, as thyrotoxicosis can exist without hyperthyroidism being present ‚Äď for example ‚Äď after the administration...

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Hypopituitarism

Introduction Hypopituitarism entails reduced secretion of anterior pituitary hormones. Which hormones go first? Anterior pituitary hormones are affected in the following order: GH >> muscle and bone FSH >> ovary LH >> testes Polactin >> breast TSH >> thyroid ACTH >> kidney and adrenal gland N.B....

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Hypothyroidism

Introduction Hypothyroidism (aka myxoedema) is a common disorder which presents most frequently in women and the elderly. It can usually be managed in primary care without the need for specialist involvement (unlike hyperthyroidism) and...

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