Foot Examination

Look With patient weight bearing; Observe the feet, comparing one with other, for symmetry. Look for nail changes or skin rashes such as psoriasis From behind, look at the hindfoot for Achilles tendon thickening...

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Full Cardiovascular Exam

Introduction Male students will require a chaperone to examine female patients. You should ask your patient to strip to the waist. Female patients can cover up (with a sheet or towel) until that particular...

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GALS Examination

Introduction This stands for: Gait Arms Legs Spine The exam is a quick way of screening for musculoskeletal dysfunction. Most of the exam can be done without actually having to touch the patient, just...

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Hernias

Introduction and Definitions A hernia is – a protrusion of a viscous out of a containing cavity. i.e. it is when a structure passes through another thing and ends up somewhere it shouldn’t be....

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Hip Examination

The hip is another ball and socket joint, but has reduced levels of movement compared to the shoulder. The joint’s main role is weight bearing. Inspection Ask the patient if they have any hip...

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Hydration Status

Introduction There may be clues in the history. E.g.: Patient feels thirsty Admitted for poor fluid intake Sepsis Bleeding Vomiting Bowel obstruction Inspection Look around the bed for clues. E.g. fluid restriction signs, catheter...

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Introduction to Abdominal Exam

For a detailed walkthrough of abdominal examination, please see the Abdominal Examination article INTRODUCTION… ·         Wash hands ·         Check patient name/DOB/hospital number ·         Introduce- “My name is…” ·         Consent – Explain what your going...

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Introduction to Cardiovascular Exam

For a detailed walkthrough of the cardiovascular examination, please go to the Cardiovascular Examination OSCE section INTRODUCTION Wash hands Introduce- “My name is…” Consent – “I have been asked to examine your heart, this...

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