Introduction to Respiratory Exam

For a detailed walk-through of the respiratory exam, please see this Respiratory Exam article INTRODUCTION Wash hands Check patient name/DOB/hospital number Introduce- “My name is…” Consent “Is it ok if I have a look...

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Knee Examination

The knee is a hinge joint, but it depends on external structures for its stability, including the cruciate and collateral ligaments, and the menisci. Inspection (look) First of all, uncover the knee joint (best...

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Lower Limb Examination

The key aim is to identify the anatomical site of the lesion: central (UMN – brain and spinal cord)versus peripheral (LMN – nerve roots and peripheral nerves). • NB – neurological examination of the...

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Mental State Exam

Appearance and behaviour How does the patient enter the room? quickly? slowly? What is the patient’s attitude to the interview? aggressive? reluctant? Can you build a rapport with them? can you engage them? Eye...

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Paediatric Abdominal Exam

Below is a brief summary of what to check for in a paediatric abdominal examination. For a detailed explanation of these features, and for adult abdominal examination, please see the abdominal examination article.  ...

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Paediatric Respiratory Exam

General Inspection How old is the child? You will probably have to adapt the exam accordingly! Generally, you could put the children into three categories depending on their age: 0-6months, 6-24 months and 2...

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Peripheral Vascular Exam

Introduction introduce yourself wash your hands check you’ve got the right patient Inspection Is the patient in any pain? Check around the bed Mobility aids O2 Cigarettes Medication Look for any general signs –...

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