Hernias

Introduction and Definitions A hernia is – a protrusion of a viscous out of a containing cavity. i.e. it is when a structure passes through another thing and ends up somewhere it shouldn’t be....

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Hip Examination

The hip is another ball and socket joint, but has reduced levels of movement compared to the shoulder. The joint’s main role is weight bearing. Inspection Ask the patient if they have any hip...

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Hydration Status

Introduction There may be clues in the history. E.g.: Patient feels thirsty Admitted for poor fluid intake Sepsis Bleeding Vomiting Bowel obstruction Inspection Look around the bed for clues. E.g. fluid restriction signs, catheter...

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