Abdominal Examination

Summary of Abdominal Examination Introduce yourself, check right patient (name DOB, wrist-band) explain that you are going to perform an abdominal examination and what this will involve, and ask the patient’s permission Get patient...

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Alcoholic Hepatitis

Introduction Alcoholic hepatitis is a very common cause of liver injury. It is caused by excessive alcohol intake. Typically there will be steatosis of the liver. In this pathological change, fat globules begin to accumulate in...

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Altered Bowel Habit

Altered bowel habit is very common presenting compliant and can be acute or chronic. For further information, also see the articles diarrhoea and constipation Causes Acute gastroenteritis Simple constipation Irritable bowel or diverticular disease...

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Autoimmune Hepatitis

Introduction Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a cause of chronic hepatitis. It is also sometimes referred to as chronic active hepatitis.  Any hepatitis that typically lasts >6 months is referred to as chronic. It is characterised by: Increased IgG...

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