Barmah Forest Virus

Introduction Barmah Forest Virus causes an infection in humans, resulting in polyarthritis, fever, tiredness, lethargy and rash. It has been identified only in Australia, and is named after the location in Victoria where it...

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Cardiomyopathy

Introduction Cardiomyopathy is a term used to describe a heart muscle disorder, without another obvious cardiac abnormality. The European Heart Journal describes it as a: myocardial disorder in which heart muscle is structurally and...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome is a relatively common disorder, which can be unilateral or bilateral, caused by compression of the media nerve at the level oft he wrist. Patients typically initially complain of parasthesia...

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Chronic Kidney Disease (Chronic Renal Failure)

Introduction Chronic Kidney Disease – CKD (previously –¬†chronic renal failure)¬†involves a long-standing and often deteriorating reduction in renal function.¬†It is irreversible and generally appears over a period of years. initially, CKD begins as only...

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De Quervain tenosynovitis

Overview De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is an overuse injury of the wrist, affecting the dorsal extensor compartment (sometimes called compartment 1)¬†tendons –¬†extensor¬†pollicis brevis¬†and¬†abductor¬†pollicis¬†longus. It causes pain on the dorsal surface of the wrist at the...

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Dyslipidaemia

Introduction Dyslipidaemia (often interchangeably used with hyperlipidaemia) describes raised levels of cholesterol in the blood. This is significant because it is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The lipid hypothesis suggests (and is strongly...

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