Anaemia of Chronic Disease

Introduction Anaemia of Chronic Disease (ACD) is common, particularly in the hospital setting. It occurs as a result of: Chronic infection Chronic inflammation Neoplasia Chronic kidney disease The anaemia is typically: Normochromic – the...

More

Anticoagulant Therapy

Warfarin Introduction Warfarin is a vitamin K antagonist. It is very useful, because unlike heparins, it can be taken orally. Warfarin acts on the extrinsic pathway, whilst heparin acts on the intrinsic pathway. Warfarin...

More

Autoantibodies

Quick summary of Autoantibodies   Antibody Disease Anti-dsDNA SLE Anti-mitochondrial Primary Biliary Sclerosis ASMA – Anti- smooth muscle antibody Chronic active hepatitis pANCA Ulcerative Colitis cANCA Wegner’s granulomatosis Anti-endomysial / gliadin / transglutamase Coeliac...

More