Anaemia of Chronic Disease

Introduction Anaemia of Chronic Disease (ACD) is common, particularly in the hospital setting. It occurs as a result of: Chronic infection Chronic inflammation Neoplasia Chronic kidney disease The anaemia is typically: Normochromic – the...

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Anticoagulant Therapy

Warfarin Introduction Warfarin is a vitamin K antagonist. It is very useful, because unlike heparins, it can be taken orally. Warfarin acts on the extrinsic pathway, whilst heparin acts on the intrinsic pathway. Warfarin...

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