Schistomiasis

Introduction Schistomiasis, also known as Bilharziasis is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms which infect the urinary tract or intestinal tract. It can cause a wide range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, melaena, diarrhoea...

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Sepsis and SIRS

Definitions Before discussing SIRS along with the various sepsis syndromes, it is important to understand some basic definitions. Infection: This is the inflammatory response initiated by the presence of a micro-organisms in normally sterile...

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Strongyloides

Introduction Strongyloides is a type of threadworm that commonly infections humans and other mammals. It is much less common in developed countries than another type of threadworm – pinworms. Colloquially, “threadworm” usually refers to...

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Syphilis

Introduction This is caused by the spirochaete bacterium – treponema pallidum. Transmission is either by sexual contact, or congenital via spread from the mother in utero. It can cause many complications, and death. All...

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