Cerebral Palsy
Brain

Cerebral Palsy

  • Reading time:5 mins read

Introduction Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a movement disorder that results from a non-progressive lesion of motor pathways. Although the lesion does not progress, the symptoms appear gradually, as the child…

Continue Reading Cerebral Palsy
Chromosomal Abnormalities
Karyotype_color_chromosomes

Chromosomal Abnormalities

  • Reading time:5 mins read

Chromosomal abnormalities are a very common cause of spontaneous miscarriage. Most commonly a child with a chromosomal abnormality will not survive to birth. However, there are many cases where the…

Continue Reading Chromosomal Abnormalities
Coarctation of the aorta
Coarctation of the aorta. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Coarctation of the aorta

  • Reading time:3 mins read

Introduction Coarctation of the aorta – L-to-R shunt – ACYANOTIC Accounts for up to 10% of congential heart defects Male:female ratio is 2:1 Affects 10-20% of patients with Turner’s Syndrome…

Continue Reading Coarctation of the aorta

Common Fractures and Dislocations in Children

  • Reading time:2 mins read

Fracture of the clavicle Can occur after a fall on an outstretched arm (more likely to cause a Colles’ fracture in the old). Collar and cuff sling for 3 weeks,…

Continue Reading Common Fractures and Dislocations in Children

Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease

  • Reading time:1 mins read

Congenital cyanotic heart disease – aka blue baby syndrome accounts for about 25% of all congenital heart defects Causes There are lots more! In the exam, you might be asked to…

Continue Reading Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Disease
Atrial septal defect

Congenital Heart Disease

  • Reading time:7 mins read

Introduction Cardiac abnormalities in children are predominantly congenital. There are a wide range of diseases that can be classified as congenital heart diseases, some of which are life-threatening, whilst other…

Continue Reading Congenital Heart Disease
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
Signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

  • Reading time:10 mins read

Introduction Cystic fibrosis is the most common life-limiting inherited disease in Caucasians. It is caused by a genetic mutation that alters mucus production, resulting in a more viscous solution. It…

Continue Reading Cystic Fibrosis (CF)