Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Introduction Osgood Schlatter Disease (OSD) is a painful condition in which there is injury to the tibial tuberosity where it joins with the patellar tendon. It is commonly found in adolescents, particularly who participate...

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Osteochondroma

Introduction Osteochondromas are benign tumours of bone and cartilage. They frequently grow outwards from bone near the growth plate (metaphysis) and can be palpated. They most commonly occur on the knee, proximal femur or...

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Osteomalacia and Rickets

Introduction These are essentially the same disorder. In children, the disease is rickets but after fusion of the epiphyseal plates it is known as osteomalacia. The most common cause is vitamin D deficiency. The...

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Osteosarcoma

Introduction Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant primary bone tumour, although they are still very rare. It frequently occurs in late childhood and tends to arise in the metaphyses of the long bones. It...

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Other Childhood Infections

General Info Neonatal immunity The mother starts providing IgG to the baby at around 20 weeks gestation Levels increase dramatically until birth, where they peak After birth the maternal IgG is gradually removed from...

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Overview of Child Development

Introduction This article contains a bit of background info about normal child development. For info on milestones, please see: Gross Motor milestones Fine motor and visual milestones Social, Emotional and Behavioural milestones Hearing, speech...

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