Paediatric Vital Signs

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Paediatric vital signs vary by the child's age. Generally, the normal heart rate and respiratory declines as a child grows, and the normal blood pressure increases. Unlike adult vital signs,…

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Read more about the article Perthes Disease
Perthes Disease x-ray showing bone remodelling of the femoral head. Image James Heilman, MD. From wikimedia commons. Used under Creative Commons Attribution-Share alike 4.0 international license.

Perthes Disease

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Introduction Perthes disease (also Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease) is a childhood hip disorder that results in avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The cause is unknown. It can be differentiated from adult…

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Pneumonia (Children)

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Introduction Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs, characterised by inflammation of the lung parenchyma and production of fluid in the alveoli. It is technically a type of bronchitis (infection…

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Pyloric Stenosis

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Epidemiology More common in boys (4:1) Often a maternal family history Increased risk if siblings were affected Erythromycin exposure in first few weeks of life Pathology There is a functional…

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