Rashes of Childhood

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Type of Rash Appearance Associated Conditions Maculopapular Macules – flat erythematous areas of skin Papules – raised erythematous areas of skin Both will blanch under pressure Measles Rubella (only macules)…

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Recurrent Cough

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Recurrent Cough This is a very common complain for children. Common causes include: Asthma – the most common cause of childhood cough. Typically symptoms (such as wheeze and breathlessness may…

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Rheumatic Heart Disease – RHD

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Overview Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a a chronic condition caused by irreversible damage to the heart as a result of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is an auto-immune mediated condition…

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Routine Examination of the Newborn (Neonate Exam)

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Introduction Strictly speaking, a neonate is any baby <4 weeks old. Then up to 1 year old, the child is an ‘infant’. Usually, within minutes after birth, a midwife or…

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Rubella (German Measles)

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Introduction Most common in winter/spring Generally not very severe in children Can causes severe fetal development problems if contracted by a pregnant woman. Spontaneous abortion occurs in 20% of cases…

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