Rashes of Childhood

Type of Rash Appearance Associated Conditions Maculopapular Macules – flat erythematous areas of skin Papules – raised erythematous areas of skin Both will blanch under pressure Measles Rubella (only macules) HHV6 / HHV7 Enterovirus...

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Recurrent Cough

Recurrent Cough This is a very common complain for children. Common causes include: Asthma – the most common cause of childhood cough. Typically symptoms (such as wheeze and breathlessness may not always be present,...

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Rheumatic Fever

Introduction Rheumatic fever was a common infectious disease until around the middle of the 20th century, and was a major cause of childhood mortality and rheumatic (structural) heart disease. In developed countries, the incidence...

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Rheumatic Heart Disease – RHD

Overview Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a a chronic condition caused by irreversible damage to the heart as a result of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is an auto-immune mediated condition that results from streptococcal...

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Rubella (German Measles)

Introduction Most common in winter/spring Generally not very severe in children Can causes severe fetal development problems if contracted by a pregnant woman. Spontaneous abortion occurs in 20% of cases Caused by the Rubella...

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