Alcoholic Hepatitis

Introduction Alcoholic hepatitis is a very common cause of liver injury. It is caused by excessive alcohol intake. Typically there will be steatosis of the liver. In this pathological change, fat globules begin to accumulate in...

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Allergy

Definitions Allergy – Inappropriate immune response to normally harmless allergen. Allergen – Foreign particles which produce an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction in sensitive individuals. Atopy – genetic predisposition to exaggerated immune responses Pathology Individuals are...

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ALS – Advanced Life Support

Advanced Life Support is an international protocol used in life-threatening situations around cardiac arrest and peri-arrest. It is a continuation and extension of Basic Life Support (BLS) Below is an outline of some of...

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Altered Bowel Habit

Altered bowel habit is very common presenting compliant and can be acute or chronic. For further information, also see the articles diarrhoea and constipation Causes Acute gastroenteritis Simple constipation Irritable bowel or diverticular disease...

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