Bacterial Treatments at a glance

Please note that microbial sensitivities vary between regions & countries, as well as over time. Individual hospital guidelines very widely, and this is just an overview of general sensitivies. Please check your local hospital...

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Bacterial Vaginosis

THE most common cause of pathological vaginal discharge. Can be caused by an overgrowth of many types of bacteria, usually anaerobes. There is alos often a decrease in the number of lactobacilli. Not sexually...

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Barrett’s Oesophagus

Introduction Also known as Columnar Lined oesophagus (CLO) This is a complication of long term oesophageal reflux. It looks a bit like white pasty finger like projections coming up from the bottom of the...

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Behçet’s Disease

Introduction Behçet’s Disease is a rare autoimmune disorder, causing the systemic inflammation of blood vessels. Most commonly seen in individuals of middle eastern origin, the condition is named after Turkish dermatologist Hulusi Behçet who...

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia – BPH

Introduction Benign prostatic hyperplasia occurs most commonly in men over 60. The term benign prostatic hypertrophy is often used interchangeably with benign prostatic hyperplasia, but is less correct. Hyperplasia refers to an increase in the number of “components”...

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Beta Blockers

Beta blockers are competitive inhibitors of beta-adrenergic receptors. There are many kinds of vary half lives and lipid solubility. They are used mainly as anti-arrhythmic agents, but are also commonly used as secondary prevention...

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Beta-agonists

β2– agonists These act on β2 adrenoceptors on bronchial smooth muscle, causing dilation of the smooth muscle whatever the cause. They are selective because they only target the β2 receptors (not β1) and thus...

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Bilirubin Metabolism and Jaundice

Production of Bilirubin Every haem molecule will produce one molecule of bilirubin. These molecules are found in haemoglobin and myoglobin. Also, cytochrome enzymes will also produce one molecule of bilirubin. The production of bilirubin...

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Biploar Disorder

Summary Formerly known as manic depression, bipolar disorder is now the term used to describe this psychiatric condition that involves both depressive and manic episodes. There are three types: Bipolar 1 disorder – there...

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