Bulbar and Pseudobulbar Palsy

Bulbar Palsy This condition refers to lesions in the motor nuclei of the medulla. It is so called, because the region of the brain is sometimes called the bulb of the brainstem. It consists...

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Bullous Pemphigoid

Aetiology Elderly (>65yrs) Vaccinations (in children with  condition affecting face, palms and soles)  NSAIDs, furosemide, antibiotics UV radiation / x-rays   Pathophysiology Autoimmune, subepidermal blistering due to IgG  autoantibodies for the basement membrane proteins...

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Bullous Pemphigus

Aetiology  Middle aged (40-60yrs)  High prevalence in Jewish regions  Lifelong condition   Pathophysiology Autoimmune, epidermal blistering due to IgG  autoantibodies for keratinocyte surfaces (desmoglein) Often mucosal involvement (>90%) Potentially life threatening (rare) if it...

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Burns

Assessing burn depth Superficial – epidermis (erythema) only. Can be differentiated from partial thickness by rubbing the skin. If the epidermis moves around, sliding over the deeper layers, this is a partial thickness burn...

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