Cellulitis

Introduction Cellulitis is caused by bacterial infection of the dermis layer of the skin and the deeper subcutaneous tissues. Often the infection is due to a break or puncture to the skin which allows...

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Cerebellar Pathways

Region of Cerebellum Anatomical Location Pathway Origin Peduncle Input Deep Cerebellar Nuclei Output Vestibulocerebellum (Archicerebellum) Balance Flocculonodular lobe Vestibulocerebellar Vestibular Nuclei Inferior Mossy fibres Fastigal Nuclei Vestibular nuclei and reticular formation of medulla, and...

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Cerebral Aneurysm

This is localised dilation of an artery within the brain. They rarely occur in veins. They are a major risk factor for subarachnoid haemorrhage.   Epidemiology & Aetiology Occur in 5% of the population...

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Cerebral Palsy

Introduction This is a movement disorder that results from a non-progressive lesion of motor pathways. Although the lesion does not progress, the symptoms appear gradually, as the child does not develop along normal trends-...

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Cervical Cancer and CIN

Introduction When we talk about cervical cancer, we are typically referring to squamous cell carcinoma. This accounts for about 85-95% of cervical cancer. The remainder is caused by adenocarcinoma. Both types are strongly associated with...

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CHADS2 Score

CHADS2 score for assessing the risk of stroke in AF Congestive heart failure (1 point) Hypertension (1 point) Age >75 years (1 point) Diabetes Mellitus (1 point) Prior Stroke or TIA (2 points) Anticoagulation...

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Chagas Disease

Organism One of two diseases cause by¬†Trypanosome parasites Transmission Via the triotimine bugs (bite at night) ‚Äď blood sucking reduvids ‚Äďtransmit when faeces come into contact with blood/mucosal surfaces. Epidemiology Caused by Trypanosome cruzi...

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Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

An inherited peripheral neuropathy. Various forms of inheritances, the most common is autosomal dominant. Can also be passed on in autosomal recessive and X-linked patterns. In rare instances it may be sporadic. Sometimes called...

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Charcot’s Joint

Introduction Charcot’s Joint (aka Charcot’s osteoarthropathy¬†or¬†Charcot’s neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy. It results in swelling,...

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