Cerebral Palsy

Introduction This is a movement disorder that results from a non-progressive lesion of motor pathways. Although the lesion does not progress, the symptoms appear gradually, as the child does not develop along normal trends-...

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Cervical Cancer and CIN

Introduction When we talk about cervical cancer, we are typically referring to squamous cell carcinoma. This accounts for about 85-95% of cervical cancer. The remainder is caused by adenocarcinoma. Both types are strongly associated with...

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CHADS2 Score

CHADS2 score for assessing the risk of stroke in AF Congestive heart failure (1 point) Hypertension (1 point) Age >75 years (1 point) Diabetes Mellitus (1 point) Prior Stroke or TIA (2 points) Anticoagulation...

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Chagas Disease

Organism One of two diseases cause by Trypanosome parasites Transmission Via the triotimine bugs (bite at night) – blood sucking reduvids –transmit when faeces come into contact with blood/mucosal surfaces. Epidemiology Caused by Trypanosome cruzi...

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Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

An inherited peripheral neuropathy. Various forms of inheritances, the most common is autosomal dominant. Can also be passed on in autosomal recessive and X-linked patterns. In rare instances it may be sporadic. Sometimes called...

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Charcot’s Joint

Introduction Charcot’s Joint (aka Charcot’s osteoarthropathy or Charcot’s neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy. It results in swelling,...

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Cholangitis

Introduction Cholangitis is inflammation of the bile duct. It is typically the results of a bacterial infection (often secondary to gallstones), but can also occur in other conditions, such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and...

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