Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Introduction Carbon Monoxide (CO) poisoning, also known as the “silent killer” can be a life-threatening situation. CO is an odourless, colourless gas (hence ‘silent’). CO binds to haemoglobin (carboxyhemoglobin) with 240x greater affinity than...

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Cardiac Arrest

​Introduction Cardiac arrest is an ‘arrest’ in the activity of the heart – the heart has stopped beating. There will be no contraction of the heart muscle, but there may still be electrical activity...

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Cardiac Catheterization

Introduction This is not necessarily the same as coronary angiography, although the two terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Cardiac catheterisation is the process by which you gain catheter access to the veins or arteries...

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Cardiac Tamponade

Introduction Cardiac Tamponade is a condition where the heart become compressed by excess fluid in the pericardium. Compression causes reduced diastolic filling of the heart, which can cause cardiac arrest. The pericardiac sac is...

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Cardiomyopathy

Introduction Cardiomyopathy is a term used to describe a heart muscle disorder, without an other obvious cardiac abnormality. The European Heart Journal describes it as a: myocardial disorder in which heart muscle is structurally...

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Cardiovascular Physiology

Comparison of skeletal and cardiac muscle Skeletal Muscle Cells The cells are called skeletal muscle fibres. They run the whole length of the muscle. They have hundreds of nuclei, and are formed by the fusion...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Epidemiology and Aetiology More common in women Typical presentation at age 30-50 Associated with gout, pregnancy, the pill, premenstrual state, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, acromegaly, obesity, amyloidosis Some believe that jobs that involve repetitive flexing...

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