CHADS2 Score

CHADS2 score for assessing the risk of stroke in AF Congestive heart failure (1 point) Hypertension (1 point) Age >75 years (1 point) Diabetes Mellitus (1 point) Prior Stroke or TIA (2 points) Anticoagulation...

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Chagas Disease

Organism One of two diseases cause by Trypanosome parasites Transmission Via the triotimine bugs (bite at night) – blood sucking reduvids –transmit when faeces come into contact with blood/mucosal surfaces. Epidemiology Caused by Trypanosome cruzi...

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Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

An inherited peripheral neuropathy. Various forms of inheritances, the most common is autosomal dominant. Can also be passed on in autosomal recessive and X-linked patterns. In rare instances it may be sporadic. Sometimes called...

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Charcot’s Joint

Introduction Charcot’s Joint (aka Charcot’s osteoarthropathy or Charcot’s neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy. It results in swelling,...

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Cholangitis

Introduction Cholangitis is inflammation of the bile duct. It is typically the results of a bacterial infection (often secondary to gallstones), but can also occur in other conditions, such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and...

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Cholera

Organism vibrio cholerae (gram negative) incubation- avg 3 days Transmission Faecal – oral Small infecting dose may lead to carrier state Large infecting dose will lead to overt disease. Epidemiology May become endemic where...

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Chromosomal Abnormalities

Chromosomal abnormalities are a very common cause of spontaneous miscarriage. Most commonly a child with a chromosomal abnormality will not survive to birth. However, there are many cases where the child will survive, although...

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