Coarctation of the aorta

Coarctation of the aorta – L-to-R shunt – ACYANOTIC Accounts for up to 10% of congential heart defects Male:female ratio is 2:1 Affects 10-20% of patients with Turner’s Syndrome Almost always affects the thoracic...

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Coeliac Disease

Coeliac disease is a common but often under diagnosed gastrointestinal disorder. Its presentation is often vague and a low level of suspicion should be applied to anybody who presents with non-specific abdominal symptoms, and...

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Coils (IUD and IUS)

Intrauterine System – IUS aka Mirena Coil This is a progesterone only contraceptive, and releases levonorgestrel directly into the uterine cavity. It is licensed for use as: Contraceptive Treatment for menorrhagia Symptoms usually subside...

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Colorectal Cancer

Summary This article refers to cancer of the large bowel. Interestingly, the small bowel is a very rare site for carcinoma, despite the fact it has the highest cell turnover of anywhere in the...

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Common Drug Doses

Drug Dose How Often Route Analgesia   Paracetamol 0.5 – 1 g QDS PO / IV Ibuprofen (”Brufen”) 400mg TDS PO Diclofenac (”Volterol”) 50mg BD PO / PR Codeine 30 – 60mg QDS PO...

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Common Drug Interactions

Introduction “Does it interact with any of my other medications doctor?”. I hear it every day. Usually several times. And most commonly from the person who is already taking 20 medications. And according to...

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Comparison and Summary of Types of Arthritis

Disease Location Examination Presentation Epidemiology Aetiology Investigations Treatment Osteoarthritis Hands, Hips, Knees Poly/ oligo / monoarthritis Pain on joint movement, reduced range of movements. ‘Squaring of the hand’ – deformity of the CMC joint...

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