De Quervain tenosynovitis

Overview De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is an overuse injury of the wrist, affecting the dorsal extensor compartment (sometimes called compartment 1)¬†tendons –¬†extensor¬†pollicis brevis¬†and¬†abductor¬†pollicis¬†longus. It causes pain on the dorsal surface of the wrist at the...

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Delirium (Acute Confusional State)

Delirium is defined as an acute and fluctuating disturbance in level of consciousness, attention and global cognition. Prompt treatment is required to avoid potential brain damage. The underlying mechanism is poorly understood, but believed...

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Dementia

Dementia is a progressive global decline cognitive function, without impairment of consciousness. It is typically defined as a syndrome secondary to one or more of multiple causes, rather than a diagnosis in its own right....

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Depression

Introduction Depression is one of a group of disorders known as the affective mood disorders, and the internalising disorders ‚Äď other examples include: Affective mood disorder Anxiety Bipolar Disorder The symptoms of these conditions...

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Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Introduction Dermatitis herpetiformis is a rare skin disorder associated with coeliac disease. The name herpetiformis refers to the fact that the rash often resembles the rash caused by herpes zoster (shingles and chickenpox). Aetiology  Adulthood (20-40)...

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Descending (Motor) Pathways

Tract Location of Upper Motor Neurons Destination Site of Crossover Action CORTICOSPINAL ¬† Corticobulbar ¬† Primary Motor Cortex (pyramidal cells) Cranial Nerves III ‚Äď XII Brainstem Conscious Motor control of skeletal muscles ¬† Anterior...

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Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

Introduction Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH, formerly known as congenital dislocation of the hip) describes any abnormality found in the neonatal hip joint. The degree of abnormality varies considerably. The problem may arise...

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