Diabetes Insipidus

Introduction Diabetes insipidus is a condition characterised by the passage of large volumes (>3L/day) of dilute urine due to impaired water resorption by the kidney, because of reduced ADH secretion from the posterior pituitary...

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Diabetic Foot Check

In diabetes it is important to check distal circulation. Diabetes affects blood vessels, causing a loss of blood supply that can lead to ischemia and tissues damage. This is particularly the case in the...

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Diabetic Retinopathy

This is the most common cause of blind registration for patients in the UK between 15 and 65 years.   Pathology When were they diagnosed with DM- the longer the duration the higher the...

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Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of a lose liquid stool. Urgency, which often accompanies diarrhoea, is the sensation of the need to defecate without delay! Urgency can be caused by a large volume...

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Digoxin

Introduction Digoxin is a cardiac glycoside, which have two main effects: Increases the force of contractions (through increased intracellular Ca2+​) Reduce conduction through the AV node It is most commonly used to control AF and...

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Diphtheria

Organism Cornynebacterium diptheriae Incubation; 2-5 days   Transmission Droplet spread – from nasopharynx of case or carrier.   Epidemiology Death rate is 10%(higher in children under 5 and adults over 40). Immunity (natural/vaccine-induced) does...

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Diuretics

Normal Control of Renal Function Overview Osmotic Diuretics Potassium Sparing Diuretics Thiazide Diuretics Loop Diuretics Proximal Tubule Diuretics

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