Endometrial Carcinoma

Epidemiology The most common genital tract cancer Every year, about 4500 women in the UK develop endometrial cancer The majority (93%) of cases are diagnosed in women aged over 50 years Geographical variation exists...

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Endometriosis

Introudction Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial, or endometrial like tissue grows outside of the uterus. Although in the vast majority of cases the endometriosis is located within the pelvis (on the uterosacral...

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Enophthalmos

Blowout fracture of the orbit Microphthalmos (defect in embryogenesis, also cataract and refractive errors) Cicatrising metastatic breast carcinoma (rare, progressive enophthalmos associated with very poor prognosis)

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ENT Tumours

In this article we look at some common types of ENT tumours. Acoustic Neuroma / Vestibular Schwannoma Acoustic Neuromas (AN), or as they should be called, vestibular schwannomas are tumours of the vestibulocochlear nerve...

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Epilepsy

Summary Definitions Seizure – spontaneous uncontrolled abnormal brain activity Epilepsy – a tendency to have seizures. Epilepsy is a symptom, and not a true condition. Epilepsy can be diagnosed after a minimum of 2...

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Epistaxis

Introduction Most nosebleeds arise from little’s area on the nasal septum. Five arteries anastomose to form little’s area: Anterior Ethmoid Artery Posterior Ethmoid Artery Sphenopalatine Artery Great Palatine Artery Superior Labial Artery Causes Local...

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Eponymous Psychiatric Syndromes

Othello Syndrome Patients hold the delusional belief that their partner is cheating on them. Affects males more than females. They may be threatening towards their partner and stalk or have them followed. Cotard’s Syndrome...

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Erectile Dysfunction

Introduction Erection requires an intact parasympathetic reflex at S2 and S3. Ejaculation requires an intact sympathetic L1 root. Mnemonic: Erection & ejaculation = Point & Shoot (Para & Sym) Aetiology Organic causes Spinal cord or...

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Essential Thrombocythaemia

Chronic myeloproliferative disorder, persistent increase in platelet count Associated with thrombotic or haemorrhagic complications, average age 60 years Good prognosis, risk of transformation to myelofibrosis and AML Symptoms: may be asymptomatic, burning on the...

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Euthyroid Sick Syndrome

This condition is not very well understood! This is a condition where TSH and T3/T4 levels are low, but there is no underlying pathology of the thyroid. These test results are the same as...

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