Foot Examination

Look With patient weight bearing; Observe the feet, comparing one with other, for symmetry. Look for nail changes or skin rashes such as psoriasis From behind, look at the hindfoot for Achilles tendon thickening...

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Fragile X Syndrome (Martin-Bell Syndrome)

Introduction So called as there is a ‘fragile site’ on the X chromosome. This is a non-staining, weakened section of the chromosome which is susceptible to breaking. It is an example of a trinucleotide expansion mutation, but is...

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Friedrich’s Ataxia

Introduction Friedrich’s ataxia is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a repeat nucleotide sequence (GAA) in the frataxin gene, which codes for the mitochondrial protein frataxin. It most commonly causes cerebellar signs but can...

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Full Cardiovascular Exam

Introduction Male students will require a chaperone to examine female patients. You should ask your patient to strip to the waist. Female patients can cover up (with a sheet or towel) until that particular...

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Functional Bowel Disease (IBS)

Introduction Functional bowel disease (also Irritable bowel syndrome – IBS) refers to a group of symptoms – including abdominal pain and discomfort, bloating and change in bowel habit – for which no underlying cause...

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