Glomerulonephritis (GN)

Introduction  This term is often used to describe all pathological conditions of the glomerulus; however, strictly speaking it refers to “inflammation of the glomerulus”.  Glomerulonephritis represents a number of conditions where there is damage...

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Goitre

Goitre – enlarged palpable thyroid gland, moves on swallowing Best way to assess is via USS Not necessarily indicative of disease Simple Goitre – normal level of hormones, no treatment necessary Multinodular Goitre – progresses with age, secrete autonomously, many nodules can...

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Gonorrhoea

Introduction Gonorrhoea (aka the clap) Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC)is a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically infecting the genitourinary tracts, retum, pharynx and conjunctiva. It is particularly...

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Goodpasture’s syndrome (anti-GBM antibody disease)

  This is a rare, genetic, autoimmune condition characterised by a combination of glomerulonephritis with alveolar hemorrhage in the presence of circulating anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies.  Circulating anti-GBM antibodies bind to basement membranes...

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GORD – Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Introduction Gastro-intestinal reflux disease (GORD) is a condition characterised by retrosternal, and sometimes epigastric pain, as a result of reflux of the acidic contents of the stomach into the oesophagus. In the acute presentation it...

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Gout and Pseudogout

Gout Introduction Gout is a type of crystal arthritis. The other main type of crystal arthritis is that in which calcium pyrophosphate crystals are formed (pseudogout). Gout is a disorder resulting from high concentration...

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Grief

Important facts Risk of suicide is 2.5x greater in the first year of bereavement Particularly high risk at the anniversary of the death Death from physical illness is also increased in the first year...

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