Glomerulonephritis (GN)

Introduction¬† Glomerulonephritis (GN) is a term is often used to describe all pathological conditions of the glomerulus; however, strictly speaking it refers to ‚Äúinflammation of the glomerulus‚ÄĚ. ¬†Glomerulonephritis represents a number of conditions where...

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Goitre

Introduction Goitre refers to an enlarged palpable thyroid gland, which moves on swallowing. It may be a benign disorder but is also associated with several thyroid diseases, including iodine deficiency (common in the developing world,...

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Gonorrhoea

Introduction Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection, caused by Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC, “the clap”) – a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically infecting the genitourinary tracts,...

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Goodpasture’s syndrome (anti-GBM antibody disease)

  This is a rare, genetic, autoimmune condition characterised by a combination of glomerulonephritis with alveolar hemorrhage in the presence of circulating anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies. ¬†Circulating anti-GBM antibodies bind to basement membranes...

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GORD – Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Introduction Gastro-intestinal reflux disease (GORD) is a condition characterised by retrosternal, and sometimes epigastric pain, as a result of reflux of the acidic contents of the stomach into the oesophagus. In the acute presentation it...

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Gout and Pseudogout

Gout Introduction Gout is a type of crystal arthritis. The other main type of crystal arthritis is that in which calcium pyrophosphate crystals are formed (pseudogout). Gout is a disorder resulting from high concentration...

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Grief

Important facts Risk of suicide is 2.5x greater in the first year of bereavement Particularly high risk at the anniversary of the death Death from physical illness is also increased in the first year...

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