Gallstones and Biliary Colic

Introduction Gallstones (cholelithiasis) refers to the formation of hard stones in the gallbladder – a process which typically takes years to occur. It is a very common phenomenon which affects about 10-15% of the general...

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GALS Examination

Introduction This stands for: Gait Arms Legs Spine The exam is a quick way of screening for musculoskeletal dysfunction. Most of the exam can be done without actually having to touch the patient, just...

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