Goitre

Introduction Goitre refers to an enlarged palpable thyroid gland, which moves on swallowing. It may be a benign disorder but is also associated with several thyroid diseases, including iodine deficiency (common in the developing world,...

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Gonorrhoea

Introduction Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection, caused by Nisseria Gonorrhoae (aka Gonococcus, GC, “the clap”) – a Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus. It only infects humans, and likes moist areas, typically infecting the genitourinary tracts,...

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Goodpasture’s syndrome (anti-GBM antibody disease)

  This is a rare, genetic, autoimmune condition characterised by a combination of glomerulonephritis with alveolar hemorrhage in the presence of circulating anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies. ¬†Circulating anti-GBM antibodies bind to basement membranes...

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GORD – Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Introduction Gastro-intestinal reflux disease (GORD) is a condition characterised by retrosternal, and sometimes epigastric pain, as a result of reflux of the acidic contents of the stomach into the oesophagus. In the acute presentation it...

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Gout and Pseudogout

Gout Introduction Gout is a type of crystal arthritis. The other main type of crystal arthritis is that in which calcium pyrophosphate crystals are formed (pseudogout). Gout is a disorder resulting from high concentration...

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