Headache

Headache is a very common problem. The vast majority of headaches, even though they can be disabling for patients, will be benign. Important points in the history Pattern Intermittent Continuous Diurnal variation / time...

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Hearing Loss in Adults

Common causes External meatus blocked by wax Presbyacusis Sensorineural hearing loss Presbyacusis Loss of hair cells on cochlear as increase in age Audiogram; High frequencies lost first, low frequencies stay in normal range, no...

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Heart Failure

Introduction Heart failure (also CCF – congestive cardiac failure) is a clinical syndrome which refers to a state of reduced cardiac output. Typically it is defined as: The inability of the heart to pump adequate amounts...

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