Hepatic Encephelopathy

West Haven criteria for grading hepatic encephalopathy Grade 1: Trivial lack of awareness. Impaired attention span. Altered sleep, euphoria or depression. Mild asterixis may be present. Grade 2: Lethargy or apathy. Disorientation. Inappropriate behavior....

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Hepatitis A

Aetiology and Epidemiology The most common hepatitis virus. It is often seen in epidemics (usually in children), and most commonly occurs in the autumn Often found in communities with overcrowding Commonly found in water...

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Hepatitis B

Introduction Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, and there are believed to be over 350 million...

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Hepatitis C

Introduction First discovered in 1989, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is blood-borne form of viral hepatitis. The incubation period is 6-9 weeks. Transmission is usually via blood products or vertical transmission from mother to...

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Hepatitis D

You can only contract this is you are also currently suffering from hepatitis B. You can get two types of infection: Normal co-existant infection – 90% of cases – this actually reduces the severity of...

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Hepatitis E

Hepatits E is clinically very similar to Hepatitis A. Aetiology Water borne similar to hep A(shell fish and water melons!). 30% of dogs, rodents and pigs carry the virus Commonly seen in Asia and...

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Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS)

Hepatorenal syndrome is renal failure secondary to liver disease. It is a life-threatening acute complication of liver failure. It is most commonly seen in alcoholic hepatitis, although can occur in liver failure of any...

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