Hiatus Hernia

A hiatus hernia occurs when part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm up into the thoracic cavity. There are two types; sliding hiatus hernia and rolling hiatus hernia. Sliding hiatus hernias account for up...

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Hidradenitis suppurativa

Introduction Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition, which manifests in the intertriginous areas (part of the skin where two opposing surface touch – e.g. armpits, groin, under breasts, perineum, buttocks and...

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Hip Examination

The hip is another ball and socket joint, but has reduced levels of movement compared to the shoulder. The joint’s main role is weight bearing. Inspection Ask the patient if they have any hip...

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Hip Fracture (Neck of Femur / NOF)

<div=”contents”> Typically occur in elderly female patients Also common in high impact trauma – e.g. car accident Female:Male ratio is 4:1 Mean age is 75 Dementia or cognitive impairment present in 30% of cases...

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Hirschsprung’s Disease

Introduction A congenital abnormality, whereby there is improper innervation of the large intestine, extending from the rectum, sometimes proximally into the colon. Epidemiology Male predominance   Aetiology 30% of cases have a FH Several...

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History Taking – Respiratory

Introduction 80% of clinical information comes from the history. Shortness of breath Onset – when? How (was it sudden / prolonged)?  – Rapid, slow, subacute (inbetween acute and slow (chronic)) Sudden Anaphylaxis Anxiety (panic...

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HIV and AIDS

Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified in 1983. Left untreated, it causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the developed world its spread is relatively limited, and modern treatment means that life expectancy...

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