Hyperprolactinaemia

Introduction Prolactin is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland, most commonly associated with lactation (milk production) in the female. It is also produced in adipose (fat) tissue and hair follicles. Hypoerprolactinaemia exists...

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Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)

Introduction Thyrotoxicosis is the state produced by excessive thyroid hormone. It is not strictly the same thing as hyperthyroidism, as thyrotoxicosis can exist without hyperthyroidism being present – for example – after the administration...

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Hypertrophic Caromyopathy (HCM)

Introduction Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, also known as Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM), is an autosomal dominant disorder, where there is thickening (hypertrophy) of the myocardium, particularly of the left ventricle, without an underlying cause. It is...

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Hypopituitarism

Introduction Hypopituitarism entails reduced secretion of anterior pituitary hormones. Which hormones go first? Anterior pituitary hormones are affected in the following order: GH >> muscle and bone FSH >> ovary LH >> testes Polactin >> breast TSH >> thyroid ACTH >> kidney and adrenal gland N.B....

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Hypothyroidism

Introduction Hypothyroidism (aka myxoedema) Hypothyroidism is a common disorder which presents most commonly in women and the elderly. It is typically relatively straight-forward to treat. As the symptoms can be non-specific, be on the...

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