Interstitial Lung Disease / Pulmonary Fibrosis

Introduction These diseases affect the lung interstitium, i.e. the space between the alveolar epithelium and the capillary endothelium, causing inflammation and fibrosis.   What is Pulmonary Fibrosis? This can be a source of confusion...

More

Introduction to Abdominal Exam

For a detailed walkthrough of abdominal examination, please see the Abdominal Examination article INTRODUCTION… ·         Wash hands ·         Check patient name/DOB/hospital number ·         Introduce- “My name is…” ·         Consent – Explain what your going...

More

Introduction to Cardiovascular Exam

For a detailed walkthrough of the cardiovascular examination, please go to the Cardiovascular Examination OSCE section INTRODUCTION Wash hands Introduce- “My name is…” Consent – “I have been asked to examine your heart, this...

More

Introduction to Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (to be differentiated from diabetes insipidus, although mellitus is much more prevalent and thus referred to as commonly “diabetes”) is a chronic state of hyperglycaemia caused by a lack of or diminished effectiveness...

More

Introduction to Respiratory Exam

For a detailed walk-through of the respiratory exam, please see this Respiratory Exam article INTRODUCTION Wash hands Check patient name/DOB/hospital number Introduce- “My name is…” Consent “Is it ok if I have a look...

More

Intussusception

Introduction This is a condition where-by one piece of bowel will ‘telescope’ inside another piece, resulting in obstruction, and sometimes ischaemia. Usually it is a piece of proximal bowel passing inside a more distal...

More