Kawasaki Disease

Introduction Kawasaki’s Disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitic syndrome of early childhood. The disorder has also been called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome and infantile periarteritis nodosa. The illness was initially thought to be...

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Keratoconus

Introduction Keratoconus is a common ophthalmological condition seen in practice, affecting around 1 in 450 people in the United Kingdom with a slight predominance in non-caucasians, although all races are affected1. It causes a...

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Kidney Stone (Renal Calculus)

Introduction Renal calculi (kidney stones) are precipitates that form from urine due to a high concentration of that particular precipitate in the urine. The most common (85%) precipitate is calcium;  particularly calcium oxalate, about...

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Klinefelter’s Syndrome (47,XXY)

This is the presence of an extra X chromosome in males to give (47,XXY).  Epidemiology 1 in 1000 male live births Clinical features Usually diagnosed in childhood when there is: Clumsyness Learning difficulties (usually mild) Typically intellectual...

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Knee Examination

The knee is a hinge joint, but it depends on external structures for its stability, including the cruciate and collateral ligaments, and the menisci. Inspection (look) First of all, uncover the knee joint (best...

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