Macrocytic Anaemias

Introduction Anaemia is one of the most common presenting complaints to general practice. One of several ways in which anaemias can be classified, is by red cell size. As such, anaemias can be said...

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Macular Degeneration

Introduction Macular degeneration (aka age-related maculopathy – ARM) is a condition that causes gradual visual loss, typically in older patients. It can be split into two types: Dry – atrophic Wet – exudative Red flags for...

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Malaria

Introduction Presentation can be vague, any or all of wide variety of symptoms. Always should be considered in unwell patients returning from or having passed though endemic areas Organism Parasite is a plasmodium (protozoan)....

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Malignant Hypertension

Introduction Malignant hypertension (aka – hypertensive crisis) is a very high blood pressure that typically comes on suddenly and quickly. It is defined as systolic blood pressure of >180 mmHg and / or diastolic blood pressure...

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Management of the Acutely Ill Patient

Introduction Ok, so here’s the scenario. You are an FY1. It’s your first on call shift. It’s the middle of the night. A nurse bleeps you and says… ‘My patient’s ‘going off’ get here...

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Marfan Syndrome

Introduction Marfan Syndrome (sometime Marfan’s Syndrome) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder. Epidemiology and Aeitiology 25% of cases occur without family history Reduced life expectancy – average is around 60 Pathology The result...

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