Measles

Introduction Now relatively rare in the UK Older children have more severe disease Caused by the Morbillivirus, which is a type of paramyoxovirus This is a single stranded, enveloped RNA virus It is a...

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Mechanical Back Pain

Introduction Mechanical back pain (aka lumbago, lower back pain) is a term used to describe musculoskeletal lower back pain. It is extremely common, with about 80% of those in Western Society experiencing it at...

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Medication Overuse Headache

Introduction Medication overuse headache (AKA rebound headache) usually occurs in patients with a past medical history of severe headache, for which they have frequently/ excessively used analgesics. Clinical Features Chronic headache occurring >15 days...

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Memantine

Memantine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist and is licensed for use in moderate-severe Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Mechanism of Action Memantine is an NMDA antagonist (AKA Glutamate receptor antagonist) NMDA receptor found on post synaptic...

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Meningitis

Definitions Meningitis – although this technically only means inflammation of the meninges, it is usually taken to mean infection. Meningitis is far more common in infants and children than in adults. Causes There are...

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Menopause

Introduction Menopause is the permanent cessation of the menstrual cycle Occurs between the ages of 45 and 55 Typical age is 51.5 Premature menopause is defined as menopause before the age of 40 – aka premature...

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Mental State Exam

Appearance and behaviour How does the patient enter the room? quickly? slowly? What is the patient’s attitude to the interview? aggressive? reluctant? Can you build a rapport with them? can you engage them? Eye...

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