Monitoring and Complications of Diabetes

We treat diabetes to reduce the risk of the complications of diabetes. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death of people with diabetes. So it is important to monitor that treatment is effective,...

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Mood Stabilisers

Mood Stabilisers e.g. lithium, valproate, gabapentin, carbamazepine These are mainly used to treat bipolar disorder although they may be used in lots of other psychiatric conditions. Lithium Lithium has a narrow therapeutic window, as...

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Morphine

Introduction Morphine is a commonly used analgesic in acute and chronic pain. It has been around for a very long time! It can be given intravenously, intramuscularly and orally. In emergency medicine it is...

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Motor Neuron Disease (MND)

Introduction Relatively common disease, seen worldwide. There is degeneration of motor neurons in the motor cortex and spinal cord, affecting both upper and lower motor neurons. MND never causes sensory problems   MND is...

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