Pericarditis

The normal pericardium This contains about 50ml of fluid, and help lubricate the movement of the heart. It helps to: Limit distension of the heart Protect the heart from infection / damage Aids the...

More

Peripheral Neuropathy

Introduction All peripheral nerves are myelinated, except C fibres – which carry information about pain. These C fibres are sometimes called ‘slow fibres’ because the signal travels slowly due to the lack of myelination....

More

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

Introduction Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is due to atherosclerosis of arteries in the limbs. The level of arterial occlusion present is proportional to the symptoms. The pathogenesis and risk factors are the same as...

More

Peripheral Vascular Exam

Introduction introduce yourself wash your hands check you’ve got the right patient Inspection Is the patient in any pain? Check around the bed Mobility aids O2 Cigarettes Medication Look for any general signs –...

More

Peritonitis

Introduction This is inflammation of the peritoneum. It can be generalised or localised, and is often associated with rupture of an internal organ, e.g. as occurs in trauma. In usually represents a surgical emergency....

More

Personality Disorders

Introduction Defined by ICD-10 and DSM – IV- TR as; Lifelong, persistent, deeply ingrained maladaptive behaviour that: characterizes an individual deviates markedly from culturally expected or accepted ‘normal’ range Onset in late childhood or...

More

Perthes Disease

Introduction Perthes disease (also Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease) is a childhood hip disorder that results in avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The cause is unknown. It can be differentiated from adult onset osteonecrosis because in...

More