Pericarditis

Introduction  Pericarditis is a common cause of chest pain, and may mimic the signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction. It is a result of inflammation of the pericardium.  The two most common causes of pericarditis...

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Peripheral Neuropathy

Introduction All peripheral nerves are myelinated, except C fibres – which carry information about pain. These C fibres are sometimes called ‘slow fibres’ because the signal travels slowly due to the lack of myelination....

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Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

Introduction Peripheral vascular disease (PVD, also Peripheral Arterial Disease – PAD) is a chronic condition due to atherosclerosis of arteries in the limbs. The level of arterial occlusion present is proportional to the symptoms. The...

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Peripheral Vascular Exam

Introduction introduce yourself wash your hands check you’ve got the right patient Inspection Is the patient in any pain? Check around the bed Mobility aids O2 Cigarettes Medication Look for any general signs –...

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Peritonitis

Introduction This is inflammation of the peritoneum. It can be generalised or localised, and is often associated with rupture of an internal organ, e.g. as occurs in trauma. In usually represents a surgical emergency....

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Personality Disorders

Introduction Defined by ICD-10 and DSM – IV- TR as; Lifelong, persistent, deeply ingrained maladaptive behaviour that: characterizes an individual deviates markedly from culturally expected or accepted ‘normal’ range Onset in late childhood or...

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Perthes Disease

Introduction Perthes disease (also Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease) is a childhood hip disorder that results in avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The cause is unknown. It can be differentiated from adult onset osteonecrosis because in...

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