Phaeochromocytoma

Introduction Phaeochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine tumour of the medulla of the adrenal glands. It secretes large quantities of  the catecholamines noradrenaline, and to a lesser extent, adrenaline.   Epidemiology Rule of 10: 10% familial,...

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Physiology of Absorption

Carbohydrate absorption Carbohydrates are large macromolecules consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. They have the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n, where m is different from n. Exceptions do exist though. Four different forms exist, depending...

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Physiology of Metabolism

Introduction Only 1% of pancreatic tissue is endocrine. This tissue is found in the Islets of langerhans. Surrounding the islets are adipose tissue deposits. The older you get, the more adipose tissue you have....

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