Plantar Fasciitis

Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a term used to described a clinical condition of heel and foot pain along the sole of the foot. It is the most common cause of foot and heel pain...

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Plasma Osmolality and Salt Balance

Water moves freely between compartments and the distribution is determined by the osmotic equilibrium between them. The dilution of plasma is described as plasma osmolality. The more diluted the plasma is, the lower the...

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Pleural Effusion

Introduction This is the accumulation of fluid within the pleural space. It is important to note that empyema (collection of pus within the pleural cavity) and haemothorax (collection of blood within the pleural cavity)...

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