Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome – PCOS (aka Hyperandrogen Chronic Anovulation) is a very common cause of amenorrhoea and oligomenorrhoea. It is important as it is associated with systemic features, including acne, decreased fertility, excessive andorgen secretion...

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Polycythaemia Vera

Polycythaemia is a raised RBC count, haemoglobin and packed cell volume/haematocrit Absolute increase in red cell mass: polycythemia vera, secondary to hypoxia or abnormal EPO secretion Apparent polycythemia: plasma volume reduced, red cell mass...

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Polymyalgia Rheumatica – PMR

Introduction Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a common inflammatory condition which causes bilateral pain, typically worse in the morning and associated with morning stiffness, in the shoulder, neck and pelvic girdle. It is rarely seen...

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