Rhabdomyolysis

Introduction Rhabdomyolysis is the result of breakdown of muscle tissue, with the subsequent release of muscle products into the bloodstream. Aetiology Causes Trauma – most common Prolonged immobilisation Drug reactions – e.g. statins, fibrates,...

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Rheumatic Fever

Introduction Rheumatic fever was a common infectious disease until around the middle of the 20th century, and was a major cause of childhood mortality and rheumatic (structural) heart disease. In developed countries, the incidence...

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Rheumatic Heart Disease – RHD

Overview Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a a chronic condition caused by irreversible damage to the heart as a result of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is an auto-immune mediated condition that results from streptococcal...

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Introduction RA is a type of inflammatory arthritis. Other examples include seronegative spondyarthritides, reactive arthritis, lyme arthritis, crystal arthritis and postviral arthritis. Features of inflammatory arthritis Pain and stiffness worse in the morning and...

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