Salivary Gland Tumours

Definition Salivary gland tumours are growths found in the salivary glands. The salivary glands include: Major (paired) Parotid glands Submandibular glands Sublingual glands Minor 600-1000 found beneath the mucosa of oral cavity and oropharynx....

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Sarcoidosis

Introduction Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology. It most commonly affects the lungs (>90% of cases) and lymphatic system, but can affect any organ. Many cases are asymptomatic, although some patients...

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Scabies

Scabies aka “The Itch” Caused by the arachnid (mite) sarcotopes scabei. Aetiology Pets – particularly dogs Other family members affected – highly contagious within families. Sexually transmitted Presentation Papular rash – commonon the: abdomen,...

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Schistomiasis

Introduction Schistomiasis, also known as Bilharziasis is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms which infect the urinary tract or intestinal tract. It can cause a wide range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, melaena, diarrhoea...

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Schizophrenia

Introduction  Schizophrenia and the Delusional Disorders Under this classification are the ‘serious brain disorders’ that are neither organic brain disorders or severe mood disorders. Schizophrenia is a chronic condition, but has a widely varying...

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Sepsis and SIRS

Definitions Before discussing SIRS along with the various sepsis syndromes, it is important to understand some basic definitions. Infection: This is the inflammatory response initiated by the presence of a micro-organisms in normally sterile...

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Septic Arthritis

Septic Arthritis Commonly caused by staphylococcus Nearly always bacterial, but in rare cases can be viral or fungal Any joint that is hot, red and tender is a septic joint until proven otherwise! You...

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Setting up a Drip

Speak to the patient – do the usually introduction, consent, and explanation of the procedure. If they already have a cannula in: Check how long the cannula has been in Check for phlebitis /...

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Shortness of Breath in Palliative Care

Shortness of breath / dyspnoea = a subjective experience of breathing discomfort that consists of qualitatively distinct sensations that vary in intensity Assessment of shortness of breath Onset e.g. sudden/gradual Timing e.g. constant/intermittent Exacerbating/relieving factors e.g....

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Shoulder Examination

Inspection Look for scars (particularly keyhole), deformity and wasting. Compare both shoulders, and have a good look around from all angles. Make sure the patient is adequately exposed to view the shoulder from both...

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