Salivary Gland Tumours

Definition Salivary gland tumours are growths found in the salivary glands. The salivary glands include: Major (paired) Parotid glands Submandibular glands Sublingual glands Minor 600-1000 found beneath the mucosa of oral cavity and oropharynx....

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Sarcoidosis

Introduction Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology. It most commonly affects the lungs (>90% of cases) and lymphatic system, but can affect any organ. Many cases are asymptomatic, although some patients...

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Scabies

Introduction Scabies (aka “The Itch”) is a common parasitic skin disorder caused by the arachnid (mite) sarcotopes scabei. It is a very common disorder, and its morbidity is probably underrated. It is particularly a problem...

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Schistomiasis

Introduction Schistomiasis, also known as Bilharziasis is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms which infect the urinary tract or intestinal tract. It can cause a wide range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, melaena, diarrhoea...

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Sciatica and intervertebral disc prolapse

Introduction The term sciatica describes a characteristic pain felt in the lower back, buttocks and the posterior and lower leg. It results from compression of any of the 5 nerve roots that contribute to the...

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Seborrheic Dermatitis

Introduction Seborrheic dermatitis, also sometimes called seborrheic eczema, is a common, chronic skin disorder, that typically affects the face, scalp and trunk. Some define it as a subtype of eczema. Its pathology is poorly...

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Sepsis and SIRS

Definitions Before discussing SIRS along with the various sepsis syndromes, it is important to understand some basic definitions. Infection: This is the inflammatory response initiated by the presence of a micro-organisms in normally sterile...

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Septic Arthritis

Introduction Septic arthritis is an infection within a joint space. it can affect both native and prosthetic joints. It is typically acute, although in some cases in chronic. In acute cases it can lead...

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Serotonin Syndrome

Introduction Serotonin syndrome is an iatrogenic (caused by medical intervention) syndrome, that results from excess serotonin levels in the central and peripheral nervous system, typically as the result of the use of one or...

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Setting up a Drip

Speak to the patient – do the usually introduction, consent, and explanation of the procedure. If they already have a cannula in: Check how long the cannula has been in Check for phlebitis /...

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