Shortness of Breath in Palliative Care

Shortness of breath / dyspnoea = a subjective experience of breathing discomfort that consists of qualitatively distinct sensations that vary in intensity Assessment of shortness of breath Onset e.g. sudden/gradual Timing e.g. constant/intermittent Exacerbating/relieving factors e.g....

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Shoulder Examination

Inspection Look for scars (particularly keyhole), deformity and wasting. Compare both shoulders, and have a good look around from all angles. Make sure the patient is adequately exposed to view the shoulder from both...

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Shoulder Pain

Introduction The shoulder joint provides a large range of movement, but consequentially, it is relatively open, and unstable. As a result it is prone to dislocation and subluxation (incomplete or partial dislocation – often...

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