SLE – Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Introduction SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease, similar to systemic sclerosis, RA, and mixed connective tissue disease. Often, symptoms of these diseases overlap. In cases where you unable to distinguish...

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Sleep Apnoea

Introduction Sleep apnoea (aka Obstructive Sleep Apnoea¬†or¬†OSA)¬†describes a condition in which there are multiple (often frequent) pauses in respiration (“apnoeas”) during sleep, as a result of upper airway collapse, usually at the level of...

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Sleep Disorders – Summary

Physiology of sleep Normal Sleep is divided into two main stages: NREM: (non-rapid eye movement) There are four sub-stages of NREM: Stage 1 РStage 4 Characterized as: No eye movement Slow EEG rhythms High...

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Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE / SUFE)

Introduction Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE), also sometimes called¬†Slipped Upper Femoral Epiphysis (SUFE)¬†is a disease of childhood, typically seen in late childhood and early adolescence. In the condition, the head of the femur ‘slips’...

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