Speech Disorders

Expressive dysphasia People understand commands, but are unable to find the words to respond appropriately. To test for this, ask them to do basic motor tasks (e.g. close eyes), put hands on head. Then...

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Spinal Cord Compression

Physiology and anatomy The spinal cord runs from C1 (junction with the medulla), to about L1, where it becomes the cauda equina. Note that it terminates lower down in children – the spinal cord...

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Spondyloarthritides

Introduction Spondyloarthritides (aka spondyarthritis, SpA, seronegative spondylarthropathy) – these are inflammatory joint diseases of the vertebral column and sacro-iliac joints. These conditions tend to mimic rheumatoid conditions (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis), but are serologically different,...

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