Spondyloarthritides (ankylosing spondylitis)

Introduction Spondyloarthritides (aka spondyarthritis, SpA, seronegative spondylarthropathy) are inflammatory joint diseases of the vertebral column and sacro-iliac joints, the most common of which is ankylosing spondylitis – AS. These conditions tend to mimic rheumatoid conditions...

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Spondyolisthesis

Introduction Spondylolisthesis refers to an anterior or posterior movement of a vertebrae in relation to its adjacent vertebrae. Spondylolisthesis affects about between 5-12% of the population but most cases are asymptomatic. It is thought...

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