Talipes Equinovarus (Club Foot)

Talipes equinovarus is a deformity of the foot and ankle commonly found at birth (the foot is fully plantar-flexed and there is midtarsal adduction causing a varus deformity). It is estimated to affect 1...

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TB – Tuberculosis

Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) of which there are three types that infect humans: M. tuberculosis – by far the most common type M. bovis (bovine TB) M. africanum...

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Tension Headache

Introduction Account for about 40% of all headaches Symptoms usually bilateral Tight band sensation Pressure behind the eyes May have a throbbing sensation Not sensitive to head movement No feeling of need to vomit...

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Termination of Pregnancy

Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) 185,000 TOPs are carried out per annum in England and Wales, with 12,500 a year in Scotland. The highest rate of termination of pregnancy is among women 18-24 years old....

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Testicular Cancer

Introduction These are germ cell tumours. There are two main types (these account for 80% of all tumours) Seminoma (dysgerminoma in women). These arise from the seminiferous tubules. They are a low-grade tumour and...

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Testicular Exam

Testicles are normally examined if there is: Pain Swelling Abdominal pain (torsion of testes) Examination Usual stuff – wash hands, check right patient, introduce yourself, explain, get a chpaerone Normally, would do full abdominal...

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Testicular Torsion

Definition This is when the spermatic cord (contains the vas deferens, lymphatic vessels, testicular artery, cremasteric artery, panpiniform plexus (veins), nerve to cremaster, testicular nerves) to a testicle twists therefore cutting off the blood...

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Tetanus

Organism Clostridium tetani=gram positive, spore forming bacteria Incubation period; varies according to site of injury, shorter (approx. 1 week in severe disease)   Transmission Spores of c.tetani live in faeces, soil and dustàcan be...

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