Thyroid Carcinoma

Introduction Thyroid nodules are relatively common, and seen in about 5% of the population Only about 5% of thyroid nodules are thyroid cancers Most thyroid cancers are papillary tumours (about 80%) which are relatively benign. Their incidence...

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Thyroid Examination

Introduction Examining for the signs of thyroid disease is an important clinical skill. This examination encompasses a wide range of different parts of the body for the systemic signs of thyroid disease. Examination Basics...

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Thyroid Eye Disease

Introduction Typically associated with the signs of Grave’s disease (goitre, acropathy, hyperthyroidism and pretibial myxoedema). Autoimmune orbital disease may occur without thyroid autoantibodies Clinical features Swelling of the eyelids Oedema (chemosis) and engorgement of...

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