Varicose Veins

Introduction Varicose veins… Are tortuous dilated superficial veins Are different to reticular veins or telangiectasia Are caused by weak vein walls causing dilation and valve incompetence Are often symptomless Are investigated with Doppler venous...

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Venipuncture

The Procedure Wash your hands and get your equipment ready – DO NOT FORGET THE SHARPS BIN! There are two types of alcohol wipe found around the hospital. You should try and use the...

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Vertigo

Introduction Vertigo is the hallucination of rotation due to the abnormal stimulation of the hair cells of the vestibular system. Vestibular System The vestibular system is composed of 1)      3 Semicircular Canals which detect...

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Visual Field Defects

  Before the Optic chiasm – The visual field loss is seen on the same (ipsilateral) side as the lesion. Fig 1 – lesion of right optic nerve gives a Right Monocular loss –...

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Visual Loss History Taking

Loss of vision, also known as visual failure is a common presenting complaint. It is an important presentation, but left untreated, many causes of sudden visual loss can rapidly result in permanent blindness. The most...

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von Willebrand’s Disease

Introduction Von Willebrand’s Disease (vWD) is a type of haemophilia (clotting disorder). It is caused by deficiencies in a protein called von Willebrand factor (vWF), which helps to prolong the life of factor VIII in...

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Vulvovaginitis

Introduction Vulvovaginitis is a clinical presentation which can have many causes. It typically presents with one or more of the following; vaginal itch, discharge, dyspareunia, burning, dysuria and swelling. It is most commonly caused...

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