Causes of Hepatomegaly

Massive = "CRAM" Cancer – primary and secondary Right heart failure Alcoholic liver disease with fatty infiltration Myeloproliferative diseases (ie Chronic myeloid laekaemia, PRubraVera,Essential Throbocythaemia) Moderate = "FAILL"  all of the above plus Fatty...

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Causes of Splenomegaly

“CHICAGO” C – Cancer H – Haematological malignancies – anaemia, leukaemia, lymphoma, I – Infection (CMV, HEP, HIV, TB, parasitic (malaria)). EBV is the most common community acquired Inflammation – sarcoid, amyloid C – Congestion; portal hypertension A – Autoimmune(RA, SLE)...

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Cholangitis

Introduction Cholangitis is inflammation of the bile duct. It is typically the results of a bacterial infection (often secondary to gallstones), but can also occur in other conditions, such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and...

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Coeliac Disease

Coeliac disease is a common but often under diagnosed gastrointestinal disorder. Its presentation is often vague and a low level of suspicion should be applied to anybody present with non-specific abdominal symptoms. It is...

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Colorectal Cancer

Summary This article refers to cancer of the large bowel. Interestingly, the small bowel is a very rare site for carcinoma, despite the fact it has the highest cell turnover of anywhere in the...

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Constipation

Introduction Constipation is a symptom and not a condition. It is most common in women and the elderly. Often it is more like a perception that a real entity. It can be affected by...

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